A multiple schedule model of limited access drinking in the cynomolgus macaque

K. L. Shelton, J. E. Young, K. A. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The present study reports on the development of a multiple schedule procedure of oral ethanol self-administration in cynomolgus macaques. Six adult eynomolgus macaques (four female, two male) were trained to self-administer ethanol and water under a 60 min, four-component multiple schedule of ethanol and water access with 1 g food pellets presented every 900 s (fixed-time 900 s). Water was available for the first and third 15 min components, ethanol in the second and fourth components. Total ethanol dose was stable at between 1-1.25 g/kg at ethanol concentration of 4%, 6% and 8%. Subsequently water was replaced with a sweetened drink (sugar-free Tang powder, General Foods). Ethanol and Tang were self-administered in similar volumes and both served as reinforcers compared with water. Acute pretreatment with 0.25 to 1.5 g/kg of intragastrically gavaged (i.g.) ethanol failed to alter ethanol or Tang self-administration significantly despite producing mean blood ethanol levels of up to 199mg/dl when combined with self-administered ethanol. However, 1.0g/kg i.g. ethanol administered for 15 consecutive days significantly decreased ethanol self-administration by 23%. The results suggest that ethanol self-administration under a multiple schedule is insensitive to alteration by acute ethanol pretreatment, but can be decreased by more prolonged chronic ethanol pretreatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-573
Number of pages15
JournalBehavioural Pharmacology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Alcohol treatment
  • Ethanol
  • Monkey
  • Multiple schedule
  • Operant
  • Self-administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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