A multisite study of nurse-reported perceptions and practice of ABCDEF bundle components

Leanne M. Boehm, Brenda T. Pun, Joanna L. Stollings, Timothy D. Girard, Peter Rock, Catherine L. Hough, S. Jean Hsieh, Babar A. Khan, Robert L. Owens, Gregory A. Schmidt, Susan Smith, E. Wesley Ely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objectives: ABCDEF bundle implementation in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is associated with dose dependent improvements in patient outcomes. The objective was to compare nurse attitudes about the ABCDEF bundle to self-reported adherence to bundle components. Research methodology/design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Nurses providing direct patient care in 28 ICUs within 18 hospitals across the United States. Main outcome measures: 53-item survey of attitudes and practice of the ABCDEF bundle components was administered between November 2011 and August 2015 (n = 1661). Results: We did not find clinically significant correlations between nurse attitudes and adherence to Awakening trials, Breathing trials, and sedation protocol adherence (rs = 0.05–0.28) or sedation plan discussion during rounds and Awakening and Breathing trial Coordination (rs = 0.19). Delirium is more likely to be discussed during rounds when ICU physicians and nurse managers facilitate delirium reduction (rs = 0.27–0.36). Early mobilization is more likely to occur when ICU physicians, nurse managers, staffing, equipment, and the ICU environment facilitate early mobility (rs = 0.36–0.47). Physician leadership had the strongest correlation with reporting an ICU environment that facilitates ABCDEF bundle implementation (rs = 0.63–0.74). Conclusions: Nurse attitudes about bundle implementation did not predict bundle adherence. Nurse manager and physician leadership played a large role in creating a supportive ICU environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102872
JournalIntensive and Critical Care Nursing
StatePublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • ABCDEF bundle
  • Implementation
  • Intensive care unit
  • Interprofessional
  • Nurse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care


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