This paper describes a potential screening technique for neurotranmitters in the CNS. The method uses the injection of small volumes of high specific activity radioactive transmitter precursor substances into regions of physiologically identified neuronal cell bodies, and the later identification of the substances transported down axons to target tissues. Experiments were performed in motoneurons in the cat spinal cords to test the feasibility of the method. Tritiated choline, glutamate, tyramine and tryptophan were pressure-injected into the ventral horn using glass micropipettes that were adapted to allow similtaneous physiological recording and injection. Only tritiated acetylcholine, two unidentified choline metabolites and a small amount of choline were found in the motor axons. The acetylcholine migrated at a rate of greater than 24 mm/day and the movement was blocked by colchicine. The spread of isotope from the injection site was measured by a direct chemical method and by autoradiography, and it was found that isotope spread 1-2 mm from the injection site. One unexpected finding in the autoradiographs was that the motoneurons were selectively labelled following choline injections.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - Nov 25 1977|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology