A rapid topographic mapping and eye alignment method using optical imaging in Macaque visual cortex

H. D. Lu, G. Chen, D. Y. Ts'o, A. W. Roe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


In optical imaging experiments, it is often advantageous to map the field of view and to converge the eyes without electrophysiological recording. This occurs when limited space precludes placement of an electrode or in chronic optical chambers in which one may not want to introduce an electrode each session or for determining eye position in studies of ocular disparity response in visual cortex of anesthetized animals. For these purposes, we have developed a spot imaging method that can be conducted rapidly and repeatedly throughout an experiment. Using small 0.2°-0.5° spots, the extent of the imaged field of view is mapped by imaging cortical response to single spots, placed at different positions (0.2° steps) in either the horizontal or vertical axes. By shifting the relative positions of two spots, one presented to each eye, eye convergence can be assessed to within 0.1° resolution. Once appropriate eye alignment is determined, stimuli for further optical imaging procedures (e.g. imaging random dot stimuli for study of disparity responses) can then be confidently placed. This procedure can be quickly repeated throughout the experiment to ensure maintained eye alignment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-646
Number of pages11
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Disparity
  • Mapping
  • Point spread
  • Primary visual cortex
  • Spot imaging
  • Topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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