A Responsible Educational Handover: Improving Communication to Improve Learning

Helen K. Morgan, George C. Mejicano, Susan Skochelak, Kimberly Lomis, Richard Hawkins, Allan R. Tunkel, Elizabeth A. Nelson, David Henderson, Anita V. Shelgikar, Sally A. Santen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


An important tenet of competency-based medical education is that the educational continuum should be seamless. The transition from undergraduate medical education (UME) to graduate medical education (GME) is far from seamless, however. Current practices around this transition drive students to focus on appearing to be competitively prepared for residency. A communication at the completion of UME- A n educational handover-would encourage students to focus on actually preparing for the care of patients. In April 2018, the American Medical Association's Accelerating Change in Medical Education consortium meeting included a debate and discussion on providing learner performance measures as part of a responsible educational handover from UME to GME. In this Perspective, the authors describe the resulting 5 recommendations for developing such a handover: (1) The purpose of the educational handover should be to provide medical school performance data to guide continued improvement in learner ability and performance, (2) the process used to create an educational handover should be philosophically and practically aligned with the learner's continuous quality improvement, (3) the educational handover should be learner driven with a focus on individualized learning plans that are coproduced by the learner and a coach or advisor, (4) the transfer of information within an educational handover should be done in a standardized format, and (5) together, medical schools and residency programs must invest in adequate infrastructure to support learner improvement. These recommendations are shared to encourage implementation of the educational handover and to generate a potential research agenda that can inform policy and best practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-199
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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