A mouse embryonal carcinoma cell line hemizygous for the adenine phosphoribosyltransferase gene (aprt) was exposed to ultraviolet light (UV) or to the alkylating agent, ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS). Thirty eight cell lines retaining the aprt gene were isolated by selecting for resistance to 2,6-diaminopurine (DAP), an adenine analogue which selects against aprt activity. Of these, six cell lines distinguished by significant levels of aprt enzymatic activity after selection in DAP, were found to carry mutations in the aprt gene affecting the apparent Km of the enzyme for adenine in every cell line, and the apparent Km for phosphoribosylpyrophosphate in two of the six cell lines. The results indicate that the ability of these cells to survive in the presence of toxic adenine analogues while maintaining significant levels of aprt enzyme activity may be due to a reduced affinity for the adenine analogue, DAP. This biochemical analysis along with results obtained from sequencing the aprt gene from 31 DAP resistant cell lines with no detectable aprt activity were used to implicate certain amino acids within aprt in substrate binding. It was also determined that, in contrast to UV, EMS did not appear to exhibit any strand bias in the distribution of mutations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology