A simulated approach to fostering competency in end-of-life care among pharmacy students

Eric F. Egelund, Jane Gannon, Carol Motycka, W. Thomas Smith, Dale F. Kraemer, Kathleen H. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective. To determine if pharmacy students participating in simulation-based scenarios reported fewer learning needs about the transition from acute to end-of-life (EOL) care compared to students participating in solely case-based scenario delivery. Methods. Four end-of-life cases were developed for both paper-based case study and simulation delivery. Pharmacy students on three distant campuses were exposed to the case study approach while four teams of nine to ten pharmacy students were exposed to simulated versions of the same cases. A validated questionnaire was administered before and after exposure to assess end-of-life care learning needs. Results were analyzed following a Bonferroni-adjustment for multiple testing. Results. The case study groups produced similar pre/post changes on the questionnaire. After results were pooled and compared to the simulation only group, significantly higher changes in pre/post scores were found for the simulation group. Conclusion. Pharmacy students exposed to simulated EOL scenarios experienced significantly reduced learning needs following the scenarios, unlike their classroom-based counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6904
Pages (from-to)483-491
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019


  • Education
  • End-of-life
  • Palliative care
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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