Acute control of insulin-like growth factor-I gene transcription by growth hormone through Stat5b

Joachim Woelfle, Julia Billiard, Peter Rotwein

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165 Scopus citations


Many of the effects of growth hormone (GH) are mediated by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), a secreted peptide whose gene transcription is induced by GH by unknown mechanisms. Recent studies in mice have implicated Stat5b as part of a GH-regulated somatic growth pathway, because mice lacking this transcription factor show diminished growth rates and a decline in serum IGF-I levels. To test the role of Stat5b in GH-stimulated IGF-I gene expression, we have delivered modified versions of the protein to pituitary-deficient male rats by quantitative adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. In pilot studies in cell culture, both constitutively active and dominant-negative Stat5b appropriately regulated transcription from a GH-responsive Stat5-dependent reporter gene. After in vivo expression, neither protein impaired GH-induced activation of cytoplasmic signaling pathways or blocked nuclear accumulation of Stats 1 and 3 in the liver, the major site of IGF-I production. Dominant-negative Stat5b completely prevented GH-stimulated IGF-I gene transcription, whereas constitutively active Stat5b led to robust IGF-I gene expression in the absence of hormone. An adenovirus encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein was without effect. Similar results were seen with the GH-responsive Stat5b-dependent Spi 2.1 gene, whereas GH-stimulated c-fos transcription was minimally altered. These results establish Stat5b as a key component of GH-stimulated IGF-I gene transcription, and they demonstrate the feasibility of using in vivo gene transfer to target distinct components of hormone-activated signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22696-22702
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number25
StatePublished - Jun 20 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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