Gout is one of the most common metabolic disorders in human. Previous studies have shown that the disease activity is closely associated with sympathetic nervous system (SNS). α2B-adrenergic receptor (α2BAR), a subtype of α2 adrenergic receptor, plays a critical role in many diseases. However, the role of α2BAR in the pathogenesis of gout remains unclear. Here, we assessed the role of α2BAR in the monosodium urate (MSU) crystals-induced peritonitis that mimics human gout by using the α2BAR-overexpressing mice (α2BAR-Tg). We found that the number of recruited neutrophils was significantly increased in the α2BAR-Tg mice after MSU treatment, when compared with wild type mice. In contrast, the number of macrophages was not changed. Importantly, there is no difference in the IL-1β levels and caspase-1 activity between wild type and α2BAR-Tg mice in the gout animal model. Notably, the enhanced neutrophil migration in α2BAR-Tg mice was dependent on the α2BAR overexpression in neutrophils, but not resulted from other tissues or cells with α2BAR overexpression. In conclusion, our data provide a direct evidence that α2BAR plays a critical role in neutrophil migration and MSU-induced inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Frontiers in immunology|
|State||Published - 2019|
- Adrenergic receptor
- Monosodium urate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy