An Emerging Understanding of the Reflective (Meta-) Experience of Mood

John D. Mayer, Alexander A. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations


The regulation of mood occurs at multiple conscious and unconscious levels. A conscious, self-reflective level of mood regulation is identified as one in which we are aware of both our mood and our thoughts about that mood. Thoughts such as "I shouldn′t feel this way′ and "I′m thinking good things to cheer up′ come to mind at that level. Study 1 employs a multiple-domain, factor-analytic approach to determine the dimensions that best describe such reflective experience. Study 2′s analyses cross-validate findings from Study 1 and correlate the major meta-experience factors with personality scales; several experiential styles of metaexperience are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-373
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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