An operationalization and validation of the maslow need hierarchy

Don Lollar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The article presents the development of an instrument to assess need satisfaction among lower socio-economic populations. The four most basic levels of the Maslow need hierarchy were considered–physiological, physical safety and security, affection, and self-esteem. Each level was represented by a subscale. Pilot testing and revision of initially-constructed items was performed. Finally, 200 delinquent adolescents were administered the Need Satisfaction Schedule (NSS). Stability was demonstrated for each subscale and the total schedule (p < .041). Internal consistency was relatively higher for the upper levels of the hierarchy and for the total NSS. Convergent validity of the subscales was established (p < .005). Nomological validity was established by the use of a correlation matrix approach. Utilization of the NSS among lower socio-economic was discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-651
Number of pages13
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1974

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics


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