Anatomical, physiological, and behavioral analysis of rodent vision

Brett G. Jeffrey, Trevor J. McGill, Tammie L. Haley, Catherine W. Morgans, Robert M. Duvoisin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


This chapter provides protocols for the study of rodent vision. An advantage of the visual system is that the physiological and behavioral response to the natural stimulus, light, can be measured. Moreover, the anatomy and circuitry of the system have been the subject of much research. Here, we describe our protocols for the analysis of the distribution of neurotransmitter receptors and signaling molecules in the retina by immunohistochemistry. We also explain in detail how we record the electroretinogram from mice, and we review two behavioral tests of rodent vision. One, the virtual optomotor test, makes use of the optokinetic nystagmus reflex, and thus is simple to perform and does not require training. The other, the visual water maze, is more demanding but provides a true quantitative readout of vision performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnimal Models of Behavioral Analysis
EditorsJacob Raber
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2011

Publication series

ISSN (Print)0893-2336
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6045


  • Mouse
  • Virtual Optomotor System
  • acuity
  • confocal light microscopy
  • contrast sensitivity
  • electroretinogram
  • immunohistochemistry
  • retina
  • visual water maze

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Neuroscience


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