Cardiovascular imaging in Turner syndrome: State-of-the-art practice across the lifespan

Kristian H. Mortensen, Luciana Young, Julie De Backer, Michael Silberbach, Ronnie Thomas Collins, Anthonie L. Duijnhouwer, Bejal Pandya, Claus H. Gravholt, Leo Lopez, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular imaging is essential to providing excellent clinical care for girls and women with Turner syndrome (TS). Congenital and acquired cardiovascular diseases are leading causes of the lifelong increased risk of premature death in TS. Non-invasive cardiovascular imaging is crucial for timely diagnosis and treatment planning, and a systematic and targeted imaging approach should combine echocardiography, cardiovascular magnetic resonance and, in select cases, cardiac CT. In recent decades, evidence has mounted for the need to perform cardiovascular imaging in all females with TS irrespective of karyotype and phenotype. This is due to the high incidence of outcome-determining lesions that often remain subclinical and occur in patterns specific to TS. This review provides an overview of state-of-the-art cardiovascular imaging practice in TS, by means of a review of the most recent literature, in the context of a recent consensus statement that has highlighted the role of cardiovascular diseases in these females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1831
Number of pages9
Issue number22
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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