Cardiovascular MRI without sedation or general anesthesia using a feed-and-sleep technique in neonates and infants

Jonathan Windram, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Masoud Shariat, Mary Louise Greer, Mark W. Crawford, Shi Joon Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


Background MRI in small children generally necessitates the use of general anesthesia. Objective We describe our initial results with a new technique that we name the feed-and-sleep method, whereby an infant can undergo a cardiac MRI without the need for general anesthesia or sedation. Materials and methods The infant is fasted for 4 h prior to the scan and is then fed by his mother prior to the scan. He is then swaddled with 1 to 2 infant sheets before being placed in a vacuum-bag immobilizer. As air is removed from the bag, the immobilizer becomes a rigid cradle that fits the infant's body. We prioritize the sequences according to the purpose of the study and in the order of clinical importance. Results Between January 2010 and January 2011 a total of 20 infants with the median age 14.5 days (minimum 2 days, maximum 155 days) underwent CMR studies via this method. All were performed successfully with no distress to the infant. The median scan time was 46.5 min (minimum 20, maximum 66). All had complex congenital heart defects and all planned sequences were acquired with sufficient quality to allow accurate diagnosis and to plan appropriate surgery. Conclusion Using this technique, infants younger than 6 months can complete a cardiovascular MRI without the need for sedation or general anesthesia. We advocate the incorporation of this safe and reliable technique into routine clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac MRI
  • Neonate
  • Sedation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Cardiovascular MRI without sedation or general anesthesia using a feed-and-sleep technique in neonates and infants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this