Computed Tomography of Corpus Luteal Cysts

Rebecca J. Borders, Richard S. Breiman, Benjamin M. Yeh, Aliya Qayyum, Fergus V. Coakley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the computed tomography (CT) features of corpus luteal cysts. Methods: We retrospectively identified 10 patients with a diagnosis of corpus luteal cysts established by ultrasound who had also undergone contemporaneous CT. A single attending radiologist, without knowledge of other clinical or radiologic findings, recorded the morphologic features of the cysts based on the CT images. Results: The corpus luteal cyst seen at sonography was visible at CT in all 10 patients. All cysts were unilocular, with a mean density of 25 HU (range, 12 to 45). The mean maximum axial cyst diameter was 2.2 cm (range, 1.4 to 2.9). The mean cyst wall thickness was 3 mm (range, 2 to 4). All cyst walls were crenulated. Cyst wall enhancement was hyperdense in 6 cases, isodense in 3 cases, and hypodense in 1 case. Free fluid was seen in 9 of 10 patients. Conclusions: At CT, corpus luteal cysts are typically less than 3 cm in diameter and are characterized by a thick, crenulated, or hyperdense wall. Recognition of these CT findings should prevent misinterpretation or inappropriate management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-342
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Corpus luteum
  • Ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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