Concurrent Use of Cigarettes, Alcohol, and Coffee

Kathleen J. Zavela, Jeffrey E. Barnett, Keith John Smedi, Joseph A. Istvan, Joseph D. Matarazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The interrelationships between cigarette, alcohol, and coffee use were examined in 307 U.S. army trainees and 304 U.S. enlisted army personnel. Usage patterns indicated distinct gender differences in this occupational setting. Among women, cigarette use and alcohol consumption were positively correlated; whereas for men, cigarette and coffee use were positively related. For both males and females, alcohol and coffee use were only weakly correlated. As demonstrated in other studies, nonsmokers showed a consistent pattern of abstention from coffee and alcohol or moderate alcohol use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)835-845
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jun 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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