Contrast-enhanced genitosonography and colosonography: emerging alternatives to fluoroscopy

Jeanne S. Chow, Richard D. Bellah, Kassa Darge, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Andrew S. Phelps, Michael Riccabona, Susan J. Back

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Imaging plays a crucial role in evaluating newborns and infants with cloacal and urogenital malformations. Contrast-enhanced genitosonography (ceGS) and contrast-enhanced colosonography (ceCS) are sensitive and radiation-free alternatives to fluoroscopic genitography and colography for diagnosis and surgical planning. These imaging techniques are performed by instilling a US contrast agent into specific body cavities to define the genitourinary and colorectal anatomy. This review article presents the experience with ceGS and ceCS applications in children, focusing on the background, examination technique, and interpretation of imaging findings, as well as strengths and weaknesses compared to conventional techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2387-2395
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Radiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Children
  • Contrast-enhanced colosonography
  • Contrast-enhanced genitosonography
  • Distal colostogram
  • Genitosonography
  • Intracavitary contrast ultrasound
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Contrast-enhanced genitosonography and colosonography: emerging alternatives to fluoroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this