Correlation of MRI sequences to assess progressive glioblastoma multiforme treated with bevacizumab

Eric M. Thompson, Edit Dosa, Dale F. Kraemer, Edward A. Neuwelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In the context of bevacizumab therapy for the treatment of progressive malignant gliomas, it is currently unclear how different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences correlate with each other over time. The objective of this study was to determine if a reliable and predictable relationship over time exists between post-gadolinium based contrast agent T1-weighted (T1 + GBCA), T2-weighted, and FLAIR MRI in patients with progressive glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) receiving bevacizumab and chemotherapy. The MRI lesion volumes of 10 patients with progressive GBM that received bevacizumab plus chemotherapy were manually calculated by two independent reviewers. T2 and FLAIR volumes were analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) as a function of T1 + GBCA lesion enhancement volume, reviewer, and time interval between MRI acquisitions. Pearson product moment correlation (r) was used to compare pre and post treatment volumes for the group of 10 patients and for each individual patient over their treatment course. ANCOVA demonstrated a significant association between T1 + GBCA and T2-weighted volumes (P = 0.0006) and between T1 + GBCA and FLAIR volumes (P < 0.0001). These associations remained constant over time. The correlation between T1 + GBCA and both T2-weighted and FLAIR volumes improved after bevacizumab treatment. Individual correlations between T1 + GBCA and FLAIR were strong (r ≥ 0.63) with one exception, while correlations between T1 + GBCA and T2 were more variable (r = 0.18-0.99). These findings suggest that FLAIR MRI should be evaluated in addition to T1 + GBCA MRI when evaluating GBM responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-360
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • Bevacizumab
  • Macdonald criteria
  • Progressive malignant glioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research


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