Cost-effectiveness of second curettage for treatment of low-risk non-metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia

Samantha Batman, Ashley Skeith, Allison Allen, Elizabeth Munro, Aaron Caughey, Amanda Bruegl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: Low-risk non-metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) has been treated with single agent chemotherapy, but second curettage is emerging as an alternative strategy with reported cure rates of 40%. We sought to estimate the cost-effectiveness of second curettage as the first line treatment of low-risk GTN. Methods: A decision-analytic model was created using TreeAge software to compare costs and outcomes for women with WHO staged low-risk GTN undergoing treatment with 5-day methotrexate (MTX), biweekly pulsed actinomycin-D, or second curettage. Probabilities were derived from the literature. Outcomes of interest included side effects from chemotherapy, need for additional agents, hemorrhage, uterine perforation, and cure rates. Utilities were applied to discounted life expectancy at a rate of 3% to generate quality adjusted life years (QALYs). Sensitivity analyses were then performed in order to assess the robustness of our assumptions. Results: Of the three treatment arms, MTX was associated with the lowest cost and had similar QALYs to the other studied modalities. Second curettage was associated with 49 additional cures when applied to a theoretic cohort of 1000 women, as well as an additional 83 hemorrhages and 17 uterine perforations. Sensitivity analysis on the cure rate of second curettage revealed that second curettage was not cost-effective over MTX unless its probability of cure was 98%. Conclusion: Our study found 5-day MTX was the cost-effective strategy for treatment of women with low-risk, non-metastatic GTN when compared to second curettage and actinomycin-D. In a carefully selected patient population, second curettage may be an additional treatment strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-715
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Actinomycin-D
  • Low risk GTN
  • Methotrexate
  • Non-metastatic GTN
  • Second curettage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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