Cytosolic Ca2+, exocytosis, and endocytosis in single melanotrophs of the rat pituitary

P. Thomas, A. Surprenant, W. Almers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations


We have monitored cytosolic [Ca2+] with fura-2 and exocytosis by measuring the membrane capacitance, and we have studied the influence of cytosolic [Cal2+] on secretion in single endocrine cells. As in neurons, cytosolic Ca2+ is sufficient to trigger exocytosis. The rate of secretion grows with the fourth or fifth power of cytosolic [Ca2+], and paired stimuli reveal facilitation. Cal2+ influx through voltage-sensitive Cal2+ channels can stimulate secretion 1000-fold over the basal levels measured biochemically. Unlike neurons, however, melanotrophs continue to secrete for seconds after a depolarizing pulse, while they extrude or sequester the Cat2+ that has entered through Cat+ channels. Following episodes of secretion, pituitary cells can retrieve membrane with half-times around 30 s at 32°C, even in the absence of cytosolic K+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-733
Number of pages11
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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