Most bacteria that colonize eukaryotes must bind directly to host cells to establish a replicative niche. In enteric bacteria, adhesion to host cells is often promoted by a lectin found on surface-localized pili. Some pili promote efficient adhesion only when they are subjected to shear stress, as found during the flow of blood over endothelium or mucous over the surface of the epithelium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology