Degenerative Cervical Kyphosis: Anatomy, Biomechanics, and Etiology

Jayme Hiratzka, Alex Ching, Robert Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Alignment plays a critical role in cervical spine function. In the thoracic and lumbar spines, degenerative disease often manifests as complex deformities involving coronal and sagittal plane decompensation, but in the cervical spine, degenerative disease often presents with isolated sagittal plane deformity. Multiple etiologies of cervical kyphosis have been described including traumatic, iatrogenic, inflammatory, and neoplastic processes; all share a common pathway of anterior column shortening, failure of the posterior tension band, or, most commonly, both. The focus of this article will be on the degenerative etiology of cervical kyphosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-172
Number of pages3
JournalSeminars in Spine Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Cervical
  • Deformity
  • Degenerative
  • Etiology
  • Kyphosis
  • Spondylosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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