Demographic and temporal trends in transgender identities and gender confirming surgery

Ian T. Nolan, Christopher J. Kuhner, Geolani W. Dy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


Transgender and gender non-binary (TGNB) individuals are a growing demographic with unique healthcare needs. Amid changes in public and private insurance coverage of gender confirming surgeries (GCS), utilization of these procedures is increasing. Meanwhile, systemic barriers continue to limit access to gender confirming care and perpetuate health disparities among TGNB individuals. Studies on the prevalence of TGNB identities and utilization of GCS are limited by a lack of gender identity data in population-based surveys and electronic medical records. However, data collection on gender identity is improving, and will be essential for characterizing the healthcare practices and needs of TGNB individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-190
Number of pages7
JournalTranslational Andrology and Urology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Demographic
  • Gender confirming surgery
  • Prevalence
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology


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