Diagnosis and Initial Treatment of Functional Movement Disorders in Children

Travis Larsh, Jenny Wilson, Katherine M. Mackenzie, Jennifer A. O'Malley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Functional movement disorders (FMD) are complex neurobehavioral disorders that can be a significant source of disability for both children and their caregivers. While FMD in the adult population is better characterized, the aim of this paper is to review the pertinent clinical and historical features, diagnostic criteria, and multi-disciplinary management of FMD in the pediatric population. We highlight recent trends in pediatric FMD, including the increase in functional tic-like behaviors that has been observed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100953
JournalSeminars in pediatric neurology
StatePublished - Apr 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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