Durability of radiofrequency ablation in Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia

Nicholas J. Shaheen, Bergein F. Overholt, Richard E. Sampliner, Herbert C. Wolfsen, Kenneth K. Wang, David E. Fleischer, Virender K. Sharma, Glenn M. Eisen, M. Brian Fennerty, John G. Hunter, Mary P. Bronner, John R. Goldblum, Ana E. Bennett, Hiroshi Mashimo, Richard I. Rothstein, Stuart R. Gordon, Steven A. Edmundowicz, Ryan D. Madanick, Anne F. Peery, V. Raman MuthusamyKenneth J. Chang, Michael B. Kimmey, Stuart J. Spechler, Ali A. Siddiqui, Rhonda F. Souza, Anthony Infantolino, John A. Dumot, Gary W. Falk, Joseph A. Galanko, Blair A. Jobe, Robert H. Hawes, Brenda J. Hoffman, Prateek Sharma, Amitabh Chak, Charles J. Lightdale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

389 Scopus citations


Background & Aims: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can eradicate dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia in patients with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE), and reduce rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma. We assessed long-term rates of eradication, durability of neosquamous epithelium, disease progression, and safety of RFA in patients with dysplastic BE. Methods: We performed a randomized trial of 127 subjects with dysplastic BE; after cross-over subjects were included, 119 received RFA. Subjects were followed for a mean time of 3.05 years; the study was extended to 5 years for patients with eradication of intestinal metaplasia at 2 years. Outcomes included eradication of dysplasia or intestinal metaplasia after 2 and 3 years, durability of response, disease progression, and adverse events. Results: After 2 years, 101 of 106 patients had complete eradication of all dysplasia (95%) and 99 of 106 had eradication of intestinal metaplasia (93%). After 2 years, among subjects with initial low-grade dysplasia, all dysplasia was eradicated in 51 of 52 (98%) and intestinal metaplasia was eradicated in 51 of 52 (98%); among subjects with initial high-grade dysplasia, all dysplasia was eradicated in 50 of 54 (93%) and intestinal metaplasia was eradicated in 48 of 54 (89%). After 3 years, dysplasia was eradicated in 55 of 56 of subjects (98%) and intestinal metaplasia was eradicated in 51 of 56 (91%). KaplanMeier analysis showed that dysplasia remained eradicated in >85% of patients and intestinal metaplasia in >75%, without maintenance RFA. Serious adverse events occurred in 4 of 119 subjects (3.4%); the rate of stricture was 7.6%. The rate of esophageal adenocarcinoma was 1 per 181 patient-years (0.55%/patient-years); there was no cancer-related morbidity or mortality. The annual rate of any neoplastic progression was 1 per 73 patient-years (1.37%/patient-years). Conclusions: In subjects with dysplastic BE, RFA therapy has an acceptable safety profile, is durable, and is associated with a low rate of disease progression, for up to 3 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)460-468
Number of pages9
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • Cancer
  • Endoscopic Therapy
  • Esophagus
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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