Effect of biofilm exposure on marginal integrity of composite restorations

Amanda Mahammad Mushashe, Sarah Aquino de Almeida, Jack Liborio Ferracane, Justin Merritt, Gisele Maria Correr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of bacterial exposure on the marginal integrity of dentin-resin interfaces for composites with and without bioactive glass (BAG). Methods: Cavity preparations of 5 mm width and 1.5 mm depth were machined into dentin disks by means of a computer controlled milling system. After applying the bonding agent, cavity preparations (n=3-5) were restored by incremental technique with experimental resin composites (50:50 BisGMA/TEGDMA: 72wt% filler) with different filler compositions: control - 67 wt% silanated strontium glass and 5wt% aerosol-silica filler and BAG - 57 wt% silanated strontium glass and 15 wt% BAG-65 wt% silica. Samples were then stored in sterile Todd-Hewitt media or co-incubated with Streptococcus mutans (UA 159), at 37°C, 5% CO2 for 1-2 weeks. For samples co-incubated with a living biofilm, a luciferase assay was performed in order to assess its viability. Surfaces were impressed before and after each storage condition and replicas examined in a scanning electron microscope. Using image analysis software (Image J), the discontinuous margins percentage (%DM) was quantitatively assessed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (a= 0.05). Results: Gap size ranged between 7-23 µm. The bacterial exposure significantly increased the %DM in both groups predominantly due to the formation of new gap regions. There was no difference between control and BAG composites regarding %DM and the biofilm viability. Bacterial exposure promoted degradation of composite restoration marginal integrity, with no difference between composites with and without BAG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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