Effect of Pd and In on Mercury Evaporation from Amalgams

Toru Okabe, Kazuhiro Ohmoto, Hiroshi Nakajima, Margaret Woldu, Jack L. Ferracane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The amount of Hg vapor released from "synthesized" γ1 with 1 % (wt) Pd was reported to be less than 30% of that from γ1 with no Pd. This study tested the hypothesis that Hg evaporation from Pd-containing amalgams decreases with Pd concentration and that In also reduces Hg vapor. Specimens (4mm dia, 8mm long) were prepared by triturating Ag-Sn(25%)-Cu(12%) alloy powder containing 0.5-9.0% Pd with pure Hg and by triturating 3 % Pd alloy powder with Hg containing 1-5 % In (all residual Hg ≃ 62%). The total amount (ng/mm2) of Hg vapor released at 37°C from freshly prepared amalgams was measured. Pd (3-9 %) in the powder significantly (p<0.05) decreased Hg vapor release from amalgams during setting. Use of Incontaining Hg also reduced Hg vapor release (5 % In, p<0.05). The reduction in the Hg vapor pressure by adding Pd and the rapid oxide film formation on the In-containing amalgam appear to work together to reduce Hg vaporization from these amalgams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalDental materials journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1997


  • Amalgam
  • Mercury
  • Palladium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Dentistry(all)


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