Effects of levemopamil on neurologic and histologic outcome after cardiac arrest in cats

J. E. Fleischer, K. Nakakimura, J. C. Drummond, M. S. Scheller, M. H. Zornow, M. R. Grafe, H. M. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background and Methods: A study was performed to examine the effects of the calcium-channel blocker levemopamil on neurologic outcome and neuropathology in a clinically relevant model of complete global cerebral ischemia (ventricular fibrillation in cats). Levemopamil was administered to cats starting 5 mins after resuscitation from 14 mins of cardiac arrest. In a ''blinded'' manner, 46 animals received levemopamil 1 mg/kg over 15 mins followed by 10 μg/kg·min for 16 hrs or vehicle. In a nonblinded manner, eight additional animals were pretreated with levemopamil beginning 45 mins before cardiac arrest. After resuscitation, levemopamil was infused at 10 μg/kg·min for 16 hrs. Animals in all three groups remained sedated, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated for 24 to 30 hrs after resuscitation. Neurologic examinations were performed at 2, 4, and 7 days after resuscitation. Thirty-five cats were entered into data analysis (16 levemopamil posttreated, 14 vehicle-treated, and 5 levemopamil pretreated). Results: Neurologic deficit scores and overall neuropathologic scores did not differ among groups at any interval after resuscitation. However, the occipital cortex and CA1 region of the pretreated animals showed less severe damage than was observed in the animals that received levemopamil or vehicle, starting after resuscitation (p < .01). Conclusions: Postarrest administration of levemopamil was not associated with improved neurologic or neuropathologic outcome. However, the data suggest that prearrest administration may result in regionally selective improvement in neuropathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalCritical care medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Blood gas analysis
  • Calcium-channel blockers
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Neurologic examination
  • Resuscitation
  • Ventilation, mechanical
  • Ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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