Effects of Sulfidation, Magnetization, and Oxygenation on Azo Dye Reduction by Zerovalent Iron

Chunhua Xu, Bingliang Zhang, Yahao Wang, Qianqian Shao, Weizhi Zhou, Dimin Fan, Joel Z. Bandstra, Zhenqing Shi, Paul G. Tratnyek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


Applications of zerovalent iron (ZVI) for water treatment under aerobic conditions include sequestration of metals (e.g., in acid mine drainage) and decolorization of dyes (in wastewaters from textile manufacturing). The processes responsible for contaminant removal can be a complex mixture of reduction, oxidation, sorption, and coprecipitation processes, which are further complicated by the dynamics of oxygen intrusion, mixing, and oxide precipitation. To better understand such systems, the removal of an azo dye (Orange I) by micron-sized granular ZVI at neutral pH was studied in open (aerobic) stirred batch reactors, by measuring the kinetics of Orange I decolorization and changes in "geochemical" properties (DO, Fe(II), and Eh), with and without two treatments that might improve the long-term performance of this system: sulfidation by pretreatment with sulfide and magnetization by application of a weak magnetic field (WMF). The results show that the changes in solution chemistry are coupled to the dynamics of oxygen intrusion, which was modeled as analogous to dissolved oxygen sag curves. Both sulfidation and magnetization increased Orange I removal rates 2.4-71.8-fold, but there was little synergistic benefit to applying both enhancements together. Respike experiments showed that the enhancement from magnetization carries over from magnetization to sulfidation, but not the reverse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11879-11887
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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