Efficacy and safety of an e-consult program for COVID-19 vaccine allergy concerns

Timothy Kaddis, Shyam Joshi, Karen M. Anstey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Although severe allergic reactions to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are rare, fear of allergic reactions remains a major source of vaccine hesitancy. For concerned patients and providers alike, allergist consultation is recommended for further guidance on the risk of vaccination. The electronic consultation (e-consult) medium has the potential to make this guidance more widely accessible, thereby supporting vaccination efforts. Objective: To determine the safety and efficacy of an e-consult program for COVID-19 vaccine allergy concerns. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of a single-center COVID-19 vaccine allergy e-consult program. Data on demographics, allergy history, and outcomes after recommendations were gathered via review of the electronic medical record (EMR). Patients without EMR data available following the e-consult were called to inquire about vaccination status. Results: Our study included 64 patients, most of whom (51.6% [33/64]) had e-consults placed for second-dose concerns. E-consults were completed within 2 days for all patients. The most common recommendation was that patients receive any COVID-19 vaccination available (62.5%, [40/64]). Forty-one patients (64.1%) were vaccinated after receiving recommendations from an allergist, 11 of whom (26.8%) reported a vaccine reaction. Most of these reactions were nonallergic (9/11 [81.2%]). No anaphylactic events were reported. Conclusion: Results of our study suggest that e-consults were a safe and effective method of providing guidance with regard to COVID-19 vaccine risk in patients with concerns about allergic reactions. The efficiency of this medium, highlighted by the 2-day turnaround time in our study, has the potential to expand access to vaccine risk evaluations by board-certified allergist/immunologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-434
Number of pages4
JournalAllergy and Asthma Proceedings
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 25 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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