Objective: To evaluate efficacy of efinaconazole topical solution, 10% in onychomycosis patients with early and long-standing disease. Methods: An analysis of 1655 patients, aged 18-70 years, randomized to receive efinaconazole topical solution, 10% or vehicle from two identical multicenter, double-blind, vehicle-controlled 48-week studies evaluating safety and efficacy. The primary end point was complete cure rate (0% clinical involvement of target toenail, and both negative potassium hydroxide examination and fungal culture) at Week 52. Three groups were compared: those with early disease (<1year), patients with a baseline disease of 1-5 years, and those with long-standing onychomycosis (>5years). Results: The majority of patients had long-standing disease; were older, male and white. While nail involvement of the target toenail did not differ noticeably amongst the three groups, the number of nails involved did increase progressively with disease duration. Differences were seen in terms of infecting pathogens in early disease that might have important treatment implications. Efinaconazole was more effective in treating early disease, however more than 40% of patients with long-standing disease were considered treatment successes. Limitations: A period of 52 weeks may be too brief to evaluate a clinical cure in onychomycosis. Conclusions: Treatment of onychomycosis early to avoid disease progression to other toenails is important. Once daily efinaconazole topical solution, 10% is particularly effective in these patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Drugs in Dermatology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
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