Electronic Health Records in Ophthalmology: Source and Method of Documentation

Bradley S. Henriksen, Isaac H. Goldstein, Adam Rule, Abigail E. Huang, Haley Dusek, Austin Igelman, Michael F. Chiang, Michelle R. Hribar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study analyzed and quantified the sources of electronic health record (EHR) text documentation in ophthalmology progress notes. Design: EHR documentation review and analysis. Methods: SETTING: a single academic ophthalmology department. STUDY POPULATION: a cohort study conducted between November 1, 2016, and December 31, 2018, using secondary EHR data and a follow-up manual review of a random samples. The cohort study included 123,274 progress notes documented by 42 attending providers. These notes were for patients with the 5 most common primary International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, version 10, parent codes for each provider. For the manual review, 120 notes from 8 providers were randomly sampled. Main outcome measurements were characters or number of words in each note categorized by attribution source, author type, and time of creation. Results: Imported text entries made up the majority of text in new and return patients, 2,978 characters (77%) and 3,612 characters (91%). Support staff members authored substantial portions of notes; 3,024 characters (68%) of new patient notes, 3,953 characters (83%) of return patient notes. Finally, providers completed large amounts of documentation after clinical visits: 135 words (35%) of new patient notes, 102 words (27%) of return patient notes. Conclusions: EHR documentation consists largely of imported text, is often authored by support staff, and is often written after the end of a visit. These findings raise questions about documentation accuracy and utility and may have implications for quality of care and patient-provider relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
StatePublished - Mar 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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