Evaluation of movement and brain activity

Mark Hallett, Lourdes M. DelRosso, Rodger Elble, Raffaele Ferri, Fay B. Horak, Stephan Lehericy, Martina Mancini, Masao Matsuhashi, Riki Matsumoto, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Jan Raethjen, Hiroshi Shibasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Clinical neurophysiology studies can contribute important information about the physiology of human movement and the pathophysiology and diagnosis of different movement disorders. Some techniques can be accomplished in a routine clinical neurophysiology laboratory and others require some special equipment. This review, initiating a series of articles on this topic, focuses on the methods and techniques. The methods reviewed include EMG, EEG, MEG, evoked potentials, coherence, accelerometry, posturography (balance), gait, and sleep studies. Functional MRI (fMRI) is also reviewed as a physiological method that can be used independently or together with other methods. A few applications to patients with movement disorders are discussed as examples, but the detailed applications will be the subject of other articles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2608-2638
Number of pages31
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • Accelerometer
  • Coherence
  • EEG
  • EMG
  • Gait
  • Kinematics
  • MEG
  • Movement
  • Movement disorders
  • Posture
  • Sleep
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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