Exposure to and Attitudes Regarding Transgender Education Among Urology Residents

Geolani W. Dy, Nathan C. Osbun, Shane D. Morrison, David W. Grant, Paul A. Merguerian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Introduction Transgender individuals are underserved within the health care system but might increasingly seek urologic care as insurers expand coverage for medical and surgical gender transition. Aim To evaluate urology residents' exposure to transgender patient care and their perceived importance of transgender surgical education. Methods Urology residents from a representative sample of U.S. training programs were asked to complete a cross-sectional survey from January through March 2016. Main Outcome Measures Respondents were queried regarding demographics, transgender curricular exposure (didactic vs clinical), and perceived importance of training opportunities in transgender patient care. Results In total, 289 urology residents completed the survey (72% response rate). Fifty-four percent of residents reported exposure to transgender patient care, with more residents from Western (74%) and North Central (72%) sections reporting exposure (P ≤ .01). Exposure occurred more frequently through direct patient interaction rather than through didactic education (psychiatric, 23% vs 7%, P < .001; medical, 17% vs 6%, P < .001; surgical, 33% vs 11%, P < .001). Female residents placed greater importance on gender-confirming surgical training than did their male colleagues (91% vs 70%, P < .001). Compared with Western section residents (88%), those from South Central (60%, P = .002), Southeastern (63%, P = .002), and Mid-Atlantic (63%, P = .003) sections less frequently viewed transgender-related surgical training as important. Most residents (77%) stated transgender-related surgical training should be offered in fellowships. Conclusion Urology resident exposure to transgender patient care is regionally dependent. Perceived importance of gender-confirming surgical training varies by sex and geography. A gap exists between the direct transgender patient care urology residencies provide and the didactic transgender education they receive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1466-1472
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Curriculum
  • Medical Education
  • Residency
  • Transgender Persons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'Exposure to and Attitudes Regarding Transgender Education Among Urology Residents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this