Extending the use of the Body Appreciation Scale -2 in older adults: A Portuguese validation study

Laura Meneses, Sandra Torres, Kylee M. Miller, Maria Raquel Barbosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Body appreciation is a key characteristic, and the most common operationalization, of positive body image. Positive body image is often measured using the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a), which has demonstrated good psychometric properties in adult samples. The purpose of this study is to extend the validation of the BAS-2 to late adulthood facilitating future research with this population. A total of 202 male and female participants (aged 65–91 years) completed the Portuguese version of the BAS-2, along with other body image-related instruments and measures of self-esteem and intuitive eating. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the one-factor model and demonstrated sex invariance. There were no significant sex differences in BAS-2 scores. The BAS-2 had satisfactory convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity. Internal consistency and test–retest stability estimates were adequate. The BAS-2 will likely meet the needs of researchers interested in exploring body appreciation among elderly people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalBody Image
StatePublished - Jun 2019


  • Body appreciation
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Geriatric
  • Measurement invariance
  • Older adults
  • Positive body image

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Extending the use of the Body Appreciation Scale -2 in older adults: A Portuguese validation study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this