Fe(II) Redox Chemistry in the Environment

Jianzhi Huang, Adele Jones, T. David Waite, Yiling Chen, Xiaopeng Huang, Kevin M. Rosso, Andreas Kappler, Muammar Mansor, Paul G. Tratnyek, Huichun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


Iron (Fe) is the fourth most abundant element in the earth's crust and plays important roles in both biological and chemical processes. The redox reactivity of various Fe(II) forms has gained increasing attention over recent decades in the areas of (bio) geochemistry, environmental chemistry and engineering, and material sciences. The goal of this paper is to review these recent advances and the current state of knowledge of Fe(II) redox chemistry in the environment. Specifically, this comprehensive review focuses on the redox reactivity of four types of Fe(II) species including aqueous Fe(II), Fe(II) complexed with ligands, minerals bearing structural Fe(II), and sorbed Fe(II) on mineral oxide surfaces. The formation pathways, factors governing the reactivity, insights into potential mechanisms, reactivity comparison, and characterization techniques are discussed with reference to the most recent breakthroughs in this field where possible. We also cover the roles of these Fe(II) species in environmental applications of zerovalent iron, microbial processes, biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nutrients, and their abiotic oxidation related processes in natural and engineered systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8161-8233
Number of pages73
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 14 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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