Future Directions in ADHD Etiology Research

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47 Scopus citations


Reviews salient emerging themes in the scientific literature related to identifying etiology and pathophysiology of ADHD. While bypassing the need for new treatment research, the review highlights three themes. First, recognition of the epigenetic effects is expected to revitalize the search for and mapping of early environmental influences on the development of ADHD. Second, neurobiological findings will have limited impact if not examined in the context of significant race and cultural variation in ADHD-related developmental processes, and in the context of rapidly changing social and technological contexts of children's development worldwide. Third, further examination of the phenotype and characterization of its dimensional and categorical structure remains a major need. Overall, the coming decades of etiology research on ADHD will be expected to capitalize on new scientific tools. The hope in the field is that new insights into fundamental prevention can emerge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)524-533
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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