T. D. Müller, R. Nogueiras, M. L. Andermann, Z. B. Andrews, S. D. Anker, J. Argente, R. L. Batterham, S. C. Benoit, C. Y. Bowers, F. Broglio, F. F. Casanueva, D. D'Alessio, I. Depoortere, A. Geliebter, E. Ghigo, P. A. Cole, M. Cowley, D. E. Cummings, A. Dagher, S. DianoS. L. Dickson, C. Diéguez, R. Granata, H. J. Grill, K. Grove, K. M. Habegger, K. Heppner, M. L. Heiman, L. Holsen, B. Holst, A. Inui, J. O. Jansson, H. Kirchner, M. Korbonits, B. Laferrère, C. W. LeRoux, M. Lopez, S. Morin, M. Nakazato, R. Nass, D. Perez-Tilve, P. T. Pfluger, T. W. Schwartz, R. J. Seeley, M. Sleeman, Y. Sun, L. Sussel, J. Tong, M. O. Thorner, A. J. van der Lely, L. H.T. van der Ploeg, J. M. Zigman, M. Kojima, K. Kangawa, R. G. Smith, T. Horvath, M. H. Tschöp

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    771 Scopus citations


    The gastrointestinal peptide hormone ghrelin was discovered in 1999 as the endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor. Increasing evidence supports more complicated and nuanced roles for the hormone, which go beyond the regulation of systemic energy metabolism. Scope of review: In this review, we discuss the diverse biological functions of ghrelin, the regulation of its secretion, and address questions that still remain 15 years after its discovery. Major conclusions: In recent years, ghrelin has been found to have a plethora of central and peripheral actions in distinct areas including learning and memory, gut motility and gastric acid secretion, sleep/wake rhythm, reward seeking behavior, taste sensation and glucose metabolism.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)437-460
    Number of pages24
    JournalMolecular Metabolism
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


    • Ghrelin
    • Growth hormone segretagogue receptor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology


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