History and physical examination in patients with herniated lumbar discs

Gunnar B.J. Andersson, Richard A. Deyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


To outline the usefulness of the medical history and physical examination in the diagnosis of herniated lumbar discs, and to review the essential properties of a test, including sensitivity, specificity, and clinical value. None of the teats that are part of e history and physical examination of a patient with a disc herniation has a high diagnostic accuracy by itself. This is because positive and negative predictive values of common clinical indicators are limited. Confirmatory tests are necessary for a definitive diagnosis when making management decisions. Combining the results of history and physical findings will increase the predictive value of these basic diagnostic tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10S-18S
Issue number24 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Dec 15 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • disc herniation
  • history
  • physical
  • predictive value
  • sensitivity
  • specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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