HIV and AIDS in the Adolescent and Adult: An Update for the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Julie Ann Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are among the most complex disease states in existence. HIV, AIDS, and their treatments have the potential to affect every system in the body, consequently influencing the oral surgery care of these patients. Additionally, patients often present to dentists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons with an oral lesion which may be an intial sign of HIV disease or evidence of worsening HIV disease. This article will provide an in-depth review of the pathogenesis of HIV, its systemic complications, antiretroviral therapies, and the oral manifestations of HIV and AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-565
Number of pages31
JournalOral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • AIDS
  • Antiretrovirals
  • Aphthous ulcer
  • HIV
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Linear gingival erythema
  • Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
  • Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis
  • Oral candidiasis
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia
  • Oral herpes simplex
  • Oral manifestations of HIV
  • Oral papilloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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