Incomplete Lineage Sorting Is Common in Extant Gibbon Genera

Jeffrey D. Wall, Sung K. Kim, Francesca Luca, Lucia Carbone, Alan R. Mootnick, Pieter J. de Jong, Anna Di Rienzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


We sequenced reduced representation libraries by means of Illumina technology to generate over 1.5 Mb of orthologous sequence from a representative of each of the four extant gibbon genera (Nomascus, Hylobates, Symphalangus, and Hoolock). We used these data to assess the evolutionary relationships between the genera by evaluating the likelihoods of all possible bifurcating trees involving the four taxa. Our analyses provide weak support for a tree with Nomascus and Hylobates as sister taxa and with Hoolock and Symphalangus as sister taxa, though bootstrap resampling suggests that other phylogenetic scenarios are also possible. This uncertainty is due to short internal branch lengths and extensive incomplete lineage sorting across taxa. The true phylogenetic relationships among gibbon genera will likely require a more extensive whole-genome sequence analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere53682
JournalPloS one
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 18 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General


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