We have discovered that clinically tested inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases can control the functional activity of T cell membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and the onset of disease in a rodent model of type 1 diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice. We determined that MT1-MMP proteolysis of the T cell surface CD44 adhesion receptor affects the homing of T cells into the pancreas. We also determined that both the induction of the intrinsic T cell MT1-MMP activity and the shedding of cellular CD44 follow the adhesion of insulin-specific, CD8-positive, Kd-restricted T cells to the matrix. Conversely, inhibition of these events by AG3340 (a potent hydroxamate inhibitor that was widely used an clinical trials in cancer patents) impedes the transmigration of diabetogenic T cells into the pancreas and protects non-obese diabetic mice from diabetes onset. Overall, our studies have divulged a previously unknown function of MT1-MMP and identified a promising novel drug target in type I diabetes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 29 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology