Latino-white disparities in ICD-coded asthma diagnosis among US children

John Heintzman, David Ezekiel-Herrera, Steffani R. Bailey, Arvin Garg, Jennifer Lucas, Shakira Suglia, Stuart Cowburn, Jon Puro, Miguel Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: It is uncertain if disparities in asthma diagnosis between Latino and non-Hispanic white children stem from differences in diagnosis over time among children presenting with similar clinical scenarios suggestive of asthma. Methods: We evaluated the odds of International Classification of Disease (ICD)-coded asthma diagnosis in Latino (English and Spanish preferring) and non-Hispanic white children, overall (N = 524,456) and among those presenting with possible asthma indicators (N = 85,516) over a 13-year period, using electronic health record data from a multi-state network of community health centers. Results: Among those with possible asthma indicators, Spanish-preferring Latinos had lower adjusted odds of ICD-coded asthma diagnosis compared to non-Hispanic whites (OR = 0.87, 95%CI = 0.77-0.99); English-preferring Latinos did not differ from non-Hispanic whites. Differences in ICD-coded diagnosis between ethnicity/language groups varied by presenting symptom. Conclusions: Spanish-preferring Latino children may be less-likely to have ICD-coded asthma documented in the EHR when presenting with certain clinical indicators suggestive of asthma. Clinicians should be cognizant of the need for the follow-up of these indicators in Spanish-preferring Latino children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-522
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Asthma
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2022


  • Health inequity
  • electronic health records
  • primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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