Mahogany (mg) stimulates feeding and increases basal metabolic rate independent of its suppression of agouti

Daniela M. Dinulescu, Wei Fan, Bruce A. Boston, Kathleen Mccall, M. Lynn Lamoreux, Karen J. Moore, Jill Montagno, Roger D. Cone

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The mahogany (mg) locus originally was identified as a recessive suppressor of agouti, a locus encoding a skin peptide that modifies coat color by antagonizing the melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor or MC1-R. Certain dominant alleles of agouti cause an obesity syndrome when ectopic expression of the peptide aberrantly antagonizes the MC4-R, a related melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor expressed in hypothalamic: circuitry and involved in the regulation of feeding behavior and metabolism. Recent work has demonstrated that rag, when homozygous, blocks not only the ability of agouti to induce a yellow coat color when expressed in the skin of the lethal yellow mouse (A(Y)), but also the obesity resulting from ectopic expression of agouti in the brain. Detailed analysis of mg/mg A(Y)/a animals, presented here, demonstrates that mg/mg blocks the obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and increased linear growth induced by ectopic expression of the agouti peptide. Remarkably, however, mg/mg did not reduce hyperphagia in the Aria mouse. Furthermore, mg/mg induced hyperphagia and an increase in basal metabolic rate in the C57BL/6J mouse in the absence of A(Y). Consequently, although mahogany is broadly required for agouti peptide action, it also appears to be involved in the control of metabolic rate and feeding behavior independent of its suppression of agouti.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12707-12712
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number21
StatePublished - Oct 13 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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