Maternal and paternal race/ethnicity are both associated with gestational diabetes

Aaron B. Caughey, Yvonne W. Cheng, Naomi E. Stotland, A. Eugene Washington, Gabriel J. Escobar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) associated with both maternal and paternal race/ethnicity. Study Design: This was a retrospective cohort study of all women delivered within a managed care network. Rates of GDM were calculated for maternal, paternal, and combined race/ethnicity. Results: Among the 139,848 women with identified race/ethnicity, Asians had the highest rate (P < .001) of GDM (6.8%) as compared with whites (3.4%), African Americans (3.2%), and Hispanics (4.9%). When examining race/ethnicity controlling for potential confounders, we found that the rates of GDM were higher among Asian (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-1.6) and Hispanic (aOR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4) women as well as Asian (aOR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.3-1.5) and Hispanic (aOR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.2-1.4) men as compared with their white counterparts. Conclusion: We found that rates of GDM are affected by both maternal and paternal race/ethnicity. In both Asians and Hispanics, maternal and paternal race are equally associated with an increase in GDM. These differences may inform further investigation of the pathophysiology of GDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616.e1-616.e5
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • ethnicity
  • gestational diabetes
  • paternal
  • race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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