Maternity care tracks at us family medicine residency programs

Steven Roskos, Tyler Barreto, Julie Phillips, Valerie J. King, W. Suzanne Eidson-Ton, Aimee Eden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The number of family physicians providing maternity care continues to decline, jeopardizing access to needed care for un-derserved populations. Accreditation changes in 2014 provided an opportunity to create family medicine residency maternity care tracks, providing comprehensive maternity care training only for interested residents. We examined the relationship between maternity care tracks and residents’ educational experiences and postgraduate practice. METHODS: We included questions on maternity care tracks in an omnibus survey of family medicine residency program directors (PDs). We divided respon-dent programs into three categories: “Track,” “No Track Needed,” and “No Track.” We compared these program types by their characteristics, number of resident deliveries, and number of graduates practicing maternity care. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 40%. Of the responding PDs, 79 (32%) represented Track programs, 55 (22%) No Track Needed programs, and 94 (38%) No Track programs. Residents in a track attended more deliveries than those not in a track (at Track programs) and those at No Track Needed and No Track programs. No Track Needed programs reported the highest proportion of graduates accepting positions providing inpatient maternity care in 2019 (21%), followed by Track programs (17%) and No Track programs (5%; P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Where universal robust maternity care education is not fea-sible, maternity care tracks are an excellent alternative to provide maternity care training and produce graduates who will practice maternity care. Programs that cannot offer adequate experience to achieve competence in inpatient maternity care may consider instituting a maternity care track.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-863
Number of pages7
JournalFamily medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice


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