Minimally invasive training in urologic oncology

Jen Jane Liu, Mark L. Gonzalgo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Use of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques continues to expand in the fieldof urologic oncology; however, proficiency in these techniques is subject to a learning curve. Current training paradigms have incorporated MIS, but in a non-standardized fashion. Residency work-hour restrictions and ethical concerns may influence efforts to deliveradequate training during a defined residency period. Post-residency fellowships or mini-courses may help urologists gain proficiency in these skills, but are time-consuming and may not provide adequate exposure. Surgical simulation with dry labs and augmentation withvirtual reality are important adjuncts to operative training for MIS. The urologic oncologist must be familiar with open and MIS techniques to effectively treat cancer in the least morbid way possible and adapt to the ever-changing field of MIS with dynamic training paradigms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-868
Number of pages4
JournalArchivos Espanoles de Urologia
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Minimally invasive surgical procedures
  • Urologic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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