The sequencing of the genomes of key organisms and the subsequent identification of genes merely leads us to the next real challenge in modern biology—revealing the precise functions of these genes. Further, detailed knowledge of how the products of these genes behave in space and time is required, including their interactions with other molecules. In order to tackle these considerable tasks, a large and continuously expanding toolbox is required to probe the functions of proteins on a cellular level. Here, the currently available tools are described and future developments are projected. There is no doubt that only the close interplay between the life science disciplines in addition to advances in engineering will be able to meet the challenge.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)