Multi-center study: The biochemical efficacy, safety and tolerability of a new α1-proteinase inhibitor, Zemaira

James M. Stocks, Mark Brantly, David Pollock, Alan Barker, Friedrich Kueppers, Charlie Strange, James F. Donohue, Robert Sandhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Augmentation therapy with a plasma derived α1-Proteinase Inhibitor (α1-PI) has been demonstrated to be effective in restoring serum Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT)* levels in individuals with AAT Deficiency (note: α1 PI and AAT are synonymous). The objective of this study was to demonstrate that the steady-state trough serum α1-PI levels, achieved by a new plasma derived α1-PI (Zemaira, study drug, ZLB Behring LLC, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, USA), were bioequivalent to those achieved by the currently available α1-PI therapy, Prolastin (control drug, Bayer Corporation, Berkeley, California, USA), and maintained weekly trough serum antigenic α1-PI levels above the protective threshold of 11 μM. This multi-center, controlled study randomized a total of 44 subjects to receive either study or control drug for a 10-week double-blind phase. The control group was then crossed over to receive the study drug for the remainder of the study (14 weeks). The difference in mean trough serum antigenic α1-PI level between the treatment groups was 1.45 μM (90% CI-2.77, -0.13), signifying bioequivalence. The mean trough serum antigenic α1-PI level in the study drug group was greater than the therapeutic threshold of 11 μM, achieving a level of 17.7 μM during the steady-state period. Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were seen in 7% and 21% of study and control drug treated subjects, respectively. No documented viral transmission occurred. These results demonstrate that the new plasma derived α1-PI (Zemaira) is bioequivalent to the currently available product Prolastin, is well tolerated, and safe with respect to the risk of viral transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalCOPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2006


  • Efficacy
  • Proteinase inhibitor
  • Safety
  • α-antitrypsin deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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