Noninvasive measurement of rat intraocular pressure with the Tono-Pen

C. G. Moore, S. T. Milne, J. C. Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Tono-Pen 2 tonometer for measuring intraocular pressure (IOP) in the living rat eye. Methods. One eye from each of 20 adult, anesthetized brown Norway rats (group 1) was cannulated and simultaneously connected to a syringe and a pressure transducer with a chart recorder. We increased IOP from 15 to 45 mmHg in 5- mmHg increments and obtained 15 consecutive readings (ignoring instrument- generated averages) at each pressure increment with a Tono-Pen 2 tonometer. To test the tonopen's ability to measure unknown IOP, transducer pressures were varied randomly in 20 additional animals (group 2), and tonopen readings were obtained in masked fashion. Results. Plotting the mean tonopen readings for each animal against transducer IOP produced a regression formula of y = 4.54 + 0.79x (r = 0.98). Mean group 2 tonopen values plotted against transducer IOP yielded a regression formula of y = 4.75 + 0.78x (r = 0.94). A method comparison analysis showed that the tonopen significantly overestimates pressures at low IOP (≤ 15 mmHg), and it significantly underestimates pressures at high IOP (≥ 30 mmHg). Using two-way analysis of variance, it was determined that the group 2 data did not differ significantly from the group 1 data (P ≥ 0.76). Because of this consistency, we generated a correction factor with 95% prediction intervals for Tono-Pen readings. Conclusions. The Tono-Pen 2 can be used reliably to measure IOP in the normal rat eye.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993


  • Tono-Pen
  • intraocular pressure
  • rat
  • tonometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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